Geothermal Heating and Cooling System
What is geothermal energy?
Geothermal energy is the heat produced and stored within the Earth surface. The energy is derived from the decay of minerals and the initial formation of the Earth. Depending on the characteristics of the energy, it can be used for heating or cooling purposes. The energy can be harnessed for electricity generation as well. However, high-temperature resources are located closer to tectonically active regions for power generation.
The consumption of geothermal energy dates back to prehistoric times when hot waterbeds were used for bathing and heating purposes. It is a highly sustainable and reliable form of energy; regardless of limited tectonic plate boundaries. The energy is also considered to be eco-friendly as it emits the least amount of greenhouse gases.
This renewable source of energy generates a significant amount of electricity in most of the world especially in countries like El Salvador, Philippines, Iceland, Kenya, and New Zealand.
Why Choose METCO's Geothermal Heating and Cooling System?
The United States is one of the leading countries in generating electricity from geothermal energy. Approximately 16 billion kWh energy was produced from geothermal power plants in 2017 alone. Multiple geothermal power plants have been set up in 7 different states. METCO uses three different geothermal technologies to harness Earth's heat as per circumstances:
Geothermal Heat Pumps
Geothermal Power Plants
Hot water and steam from deep beneath the Earth's surface is piped through wells to generate electricity. There are four different types of geothermal plants:
Dry Steam Plants: Hot steam is piped from geothermal reservoirs directly to the turbine to spin generators for electricity production
Flash Steam Plants: High-pressure hot water is circulated to produce heat. The water is vaporized as the pressure drops down to spin turbines for generating electricity. The remaining water is then sent back to the reservoir through injecting wells.
Binary Cycle Plants: Moderately hot water is piped through a heat exchanger where heat is converted into a liquid such as isobutene. Then this fluid is turned into steam to spin turbines for electricity generation.
Flash-Binary Combined Plants: It combines the technologies of binary and flash steam power plants. Water is vaporized under reduced pressure to generate electricity, and the low-pressure steam is condensed back in a binary system.
Benefits of geothermal energy
Geothermal energy is considered to be one of the most reliable renewable sources of energy as an unlimited amount of heat is present in Earth in the form of magma.
No fossil fuels are burnt when converting geothermal energy into electricity. The amount of pollutants emitted during the process is negligible.
Geothermal energy is quite inexpensive as it cost almost 80% less than any conventional form of energy. Also, the maintenance cost of geothermal energy plants is very low.
Geothermal energy provides a steady flow of electricity during peak hours as well as base hours thus making it highly reliable.
Why Choose METCO?
METCO is one of the leading engineering companies known for its highly cost-effective and technologically advanced solutions. The company has served the energy sector by providing sustainable renewable energy generation systems. Its geothermal technology offer efficient and clean energy suitable for industrial as well as residential purposes. We have been serving multiple clients belonging to various public and private sectors that have given us the expertise to work on large-scale as well as for small setups.